Public and Private Sector Employment in Warwickshire

The level of public sector employment has been a focus of attention during the economic downturn and the sector is considered to be particularly vulnerable as the impact of austerity budgeting is felt.  Our graphic presents various measures of how reliant, or not, each of our districts is on the public sector for local employment.  The statistics are taken from new estimates produced by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) relating to 2010.

There are several ways in which the extent of public sector employment can be measured, depending on whether we are interested in where the jobs are located or where public sector employees reside.  The ONS explains that…

In order to achieve a full understanding of the extent and geographical spread of subregional public sector employment in the UK it is necessary to consider a number of different statistics.   This is because it is necessary to consider the differences between measures of employees and employment and between workplace based measures and residence based measures. Furthermore, there are a number of different comparators against which it is valid to analyse this data.  For example, to allow comparisons across areas, the level of public sector employment can be expressed as a share of total employment or alternatively as a share of (aged 16 to 64 years) population.

Using these various measures, some initial findings for Warwickshire include…

  • Across the Coventry & Warwickshire sub-region, 20% of jobs are in the public sector.  This ranges considerably at district level, with the public sector accounting for less than 10% of employment in North Warwickshire but as much as 24% and 23% in Warwick and Nuneaton & Bedworth respectively.
  • Comparing the resident working-age population in an area with the number of public sector jobs located there clearly highlights Warwick District as the focus for public sector employment in the county, with 21 public sector employees working in the district for every 100 residents aged 16 to 64 who are resident in the area. The other four districts/boroughs are all below 12% on this measure.
  • In contrast, there are 85 private sector employees working in North Warwickshire for every 100 residents aged 16 to 64 who are resident in the borough, reflecting the relatively high level of private sector in-commuting into the area.
  • This compares with just 38 private sector employees working in Nuneaton & Bedworth for every 100 residents aged 16 to 64 who are resident in the borough and a national average of 51 per 100.
  • Rugby actually appears to be the most dependent of our districts/boroughs on the public sector for employment.  More than 20% of the people living there that have jobs are working in the public sector.  Warwick, unsurprisingly, is not far behind at 20% whereas the comparative rates for both North Warwickshire and Stratford-on-Avon are both below 14%.

See the detailed figures in our graphic, here.

The ONS has also published an interactive map of the dataset here, illustrating the results for all local authority districts in Great Britain.  You can also access the raw data here.

Please share your interpretations of these figures using the comment tool below.

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