Marmot Indicators for Local Authorities 2012

Figures recently released by the London Health Observatory to mark the second anniversary of the release of the Marmot Review Fair Society, Healthy Lives show that while life expectancy improved for most of the 150 local authority areas in England that will take over responsibility for public health in April 2013, inequalities within these areas also increased.

Fair Society, Healthy Lives recommended action to tackle social inequalities so as to reduce health inequalities, based on the so-called ‘social determinants’ approach to preventing ill health. Health is closely linked to socio-economic status. Under the Coalition Government’s proposals public health responsibilities will be transferred from the NHS to local authorities.

The UCL Institute of Health Equity (previously known as the Marmot Review Team) commissioned the London Health Observatory to provide data showing key indicators for monitoring health inequalities and the social determinants of health for the 150 ‘upper tier’ local authorities in England. To monitor this, the indicators at local authority level are: life expectancy at birth; children reaching a good level of development at age five; young people not in employment, education or training (NEET); and, percentage of people in households receiving means tested benefits. In addition there is an index showing the level of social inequalities within each local authority area for some of the indicators, including life expectancy at birth – the higher the value of the index the greater the inequality.

Warwickshire figures show that the county life expectancy at birth for males and females is significantly higher than the national and regional average. Inequalities in life expectancy are more or less in line with the national average. Warwickshire is also performing significantly better than the national average on all social determinants i.e. NEETs, child development and number of households receiving means tested benefits.

The full Marmot Indicators for Local Authorities in England can be found here.

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