The Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales

The Environmental and Health Atlas for England and Wales, produced by the Small Area Health Statistics Unit, provides interactive maps of geographical variations for a range of health conditions and environmental agents at a neighbourhood (small-area) scale in England and Wales.

Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales 1The maps are a resource for those working in public health and public health policy and for the general public to better understand the geographic distribution of environmental agents and health conditions*. The atlas provides information about risks and concentrations for areas; however, risks and exposures for individuals living in those areas may differ.

There are fourteen health conditions mapped at census ward level (average population 6,000) which show the relative risks averaged over a 25 year period (1985-2009, where possible) and can be presented separately for males and females. Some of the health conditions include: lung cancer, breast cancer, heart disease, COPD, still births and low birth weight.

There are seven environmental agents presented which also detail potential health outcomes these may have on an individual.

Environment and Health Atlas for England and Wales 2*Please note that simple comparisons of mapped health conditions and environmental agents cannot be used to indicate casual associations as further information would be required (for example family history and current medical conditions).

For the purpose of analysis, it is important to note however that the majority of indicators are based on relatively small numbers with only subtle variations in most instances which are within the limits of statistical uncertainty.

In line with our understanding of health inequalities in Warwickshire, the Atlas highlights a clear north-south divide pattern in terms of Coronary Heart Disease with relative risks generally higher in the northern areas of the County. In terms of Skin Cancer, this pattern is reversed with higher relative risks generally found in South Warwickshire.

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