Is your health worse depending on what job you do? Health Inequalities in Warwickshire, 2011 Census

Health Inequalities InfographicHealth outcomes have been shown to vary markedly between people depending on their socio-economic position based on occupation. Socio-economic position is a good indicator of the general living conditions, access to goods and services, career development prospects, educational attainment, salary range, disposable income, wealth, assets and social standing: Such factors are important drivers of well-being and health.

The infographic presented here looks at  rates of ‘Not Good’ health between groups of people based on their socio-economic class from the 2011 Census. People with different occupations and socio-economic statuses report different levels of health. These differences can be described as the health gap or inequality and can be compared between classes in the same geographical location, between areas and between men and women.

An examination of the rates of ‘Not Good’ health from the 2011 Census show there was a pattern of deteriorating health with increasing disadvantage associated with the socio-economic position of the occupation.

Routine workers in Class 7 had the highest rates of ‘Not Good’ health nationally, regionally and at local authority level for both men and women. Conversely, the most advantaged higher managerial and professional class (Class 1) had the lowest rates of ‘Not Good’ health.

Nationally, the health gaps are generally bigger for women than men and this is mirrored for all Districts/Boroughs in Warwickshire.

The largest ‘health inequality’ in the county occurs in Warwick District for both men and women across both measures. Conversely, the authority with the smallest ‘health gap’ differs between males and females.  Rugby Borough has the smallest health inequality for males and Stratford-on-Avon District has the smallest health gap for women.

The range of ‘health gap’ rankings is larger amongst men in the county than women.  The Districts/Boroughs in Warwickshire are spread out over 199 places.  Yet for women the difference is 129 places.

So what?

Current legislation places a duty on health organisations to have regard to reducing health inequalities when formulating policies and making decisions. In order to reduce the health gaps it is important to understand what is driving the difference between local authorities.

Across all regions and local authorities it appears that it is the health rates of the most socio-economically disadvantaged classes, rather than the most socio-economically advantaged classes, that determined the size of the health gap specifically the Lower supervisory and technical, Semi-routine and Routine classes.

Download the infographic below for more detail:

Is your health worse depending on what job you do?

For further information about the 2011 Census, or if you have any comments or suggestions for further areas of work, please contact the Observatory at research@warwickshire.gov.uk.

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