Achieving Social Inclusion Across Warwick District

Achieving Social Inclusion across Warwick District

Earlier this year,  a steering group convened by Warwick District Council commissioned the Observatory to produce an index to assess the scale and distribution of social exclusion in Warwick District. This evidence base will support the District and other partner agencies in reviewing their approach to improving social inclusion.

With the need to understand the geographical spread of social exclusion issues, our analysis focuses on spatial data.  However, there was also a recognised need to understand where specific themes may require more attention than others; therefore, the analysis is based upon producing a model that describes social exclusion at a local level whilst also identifying overarching themes that require district-wide attention.

The 53 indicators used in the index were grouped into the following 7 themes:

  • Isolation
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Children and Young People
  • Income and Labour Market
  • Housing and Homes
  • Crime and Community Safety
  • Communities of Interest

The map and table below show the top ten areas that are most socially excluded across Warwick District according to this bespoke index.

Index of Social ExclusionLillington East in Crown ward is the most socially excluded area on the index. It is the worst performing area for two of the seven themes (Income and Labour Market and Children and Young People) and features in the top ten for five of the seven indicators. This area exhibits a wide range of exclusion related issues rather than a handful of problems which exist elsewhere.

Map of social exclusionOne of the benefits of producing the index at a very local level is areas are identified that may have been previously masked when looking at data at a higher level.  This is the case for the two Sydenham areas (ranked 3rd and 4th on the index) which sit within Willes ward. Sydenham North is the worst performing area in the District for two themes (Health & Wellbeing and Communities of Interest) and both areas have a diverse population in terms of the proportion of residents born abroad and ethnicity.

Half of the areas in the top 10 are in Brunswick ward. Stoneleigh is the first rural area to feature on the index as the 8th most socially excluded area in the District.

For more of the key messages and to access the report, please click on the link below:

Warwick District Social Exclusion Index Report

Warwick District Social Exclusion Index Appendices

The steering group have created a short project feedback survey for the Social Inclusion Index work.  Please could you spare a few minutes to let us have your feedback on the work and how you plan to use it by clicking on the link below:

Warwick-Social-Exclusion-Banner

In the news – Warwickshire’s Quality of Life 2013/14 report

Quality-of-Life-Logo

Following the publication of Warwickshire’s Quality of Life report earlier this week, find out more information on the report by watching the following video:

Also the report featured on BBC Coventry & Warwickshire’s Breakfast Show on Thursday 7th November.  Three of WCC’s Members, Cllr Cockburn, Cllr Tandy and Cllr Gifford also discussed how the report would impact on the political landscape and influence decisions made across the county.

If you want to listen to the breakfast show, it’s available on BBC Coventry & Warwickshire’s website.

(Andy Davis, the Warwickshire Observatory’s manager talks about the report around 5 minutes 40 seconds and WCC’s three elected Members discuss some of the issues raised at around 1 hour 7 minutes)

Alternatively, listen to the below Audioboo which focuses on Andy discussing the report:

 

Quality of Life in Warwickshire 2013/14 report published

Quality of Life

Today the team is publishing our annual Quality of Life in Warwickshire report, which provides a detailed look at the people, places and communities in our county. The report is an assessment of the demographic, social, economic and environmental themes that all play a part in influencing our residents’ quality of life.

The need for this type of material is more important than ever, as increasingly limited resources need to be deployed in transparent, evidence-led ways. The Quality of Life in Warwickshire report continues to provide local decision makers in the public, private, and voluntary sectors with that evidence base so that improving the lives of all of Warwickshire’s residents remains our collective priority.

New in this year’s report is the inclusion of 2011 Census data across a number of the themes, resulting in several new indicators. Our 2011 Census prospectus gives further details of the team’s work in this area.

As in previous reports, we’ve started each section with a ‘data visualisation’, designed to stimulate your interest and make the statistics more engaging. We’ve also continued with the Interactive Maps in this year’s report. This provides users with a tool for viewing and analysing many of the datasets included in the report at a very local level.

To find out more please click on the link below to download the report:

Quality of Life in Warwickshire 2013/14 report (6.8 MB)

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The proportion of children in low income families falling in Warwickshire according to the latest data

Late last month, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs (HRMC) released the latest 2011 figures showing the numbers and proportions of children in low income families.

The Children in Low-Income Families Local Measure (formerly the Revised Local Child Poverty Measure or National Indicator 116) shows the proportion of children living in families in receipt of out-of-work (means-tested) benefits or in receipt of tax credits where their reported income is less than 60 per cent of UK median income. This measure provides a broad proxy for relative low-income child poverty as set out in the Child Poverty Act 2010, and enables analysis at a local level. Statistics are published at various levels of geography providing an annual snapshot at 31 August from 2006 to 2011.

The figures suggest that there has been a fall in the number of young people living in poverty across the UK and Warwickshire in 2011.

In the UK, the proportion of children living in low-income families slightly decreased from 20.6% to 20.1%, equating to around 52,000 fewer children in low-income families in 2011 compared with 2010.  The vast majority of the decrease came from a 50,000 fall in the number of children in families receiving out-of-work benefits.

The same is true across Warwickshire. In 2011, there was 505 fewer children in low income families (15,315 children) than the previous year, largely due to the reduction in the number of children in families receiving out-of-work benefits.

In a previous blog post, we’ve looked at the relative nature of this definition of child poverty. We saw incomes fall between 2009 and 2010 and as a result, so did the number of children considered to be in poverty as fewer households fell below the income threshold.

However, the latest data shows a rise in the low income threshold, from £211 in 2010 to £218 in 2011 and therefore the fall in the numbers of children in low income families in 2011 cannot be necessarily explained by the relative nature of the child poverty dataset. Fewer children in low income families is largely the result of more families moving into work and are therefore less dependent on state support.

The government recognises the limitations of this measure and has stated that it wants to look at alternative indicators. In June 2012, the work and pensions secretary proposed to deliver a new set of broader, non-income related measures of poverty.  A consultation on how best to measure child poverty was conducted between November 2012 and February 2013. The consultation asked respondents a number of questions that will help the Government design a multi-dimensional measure of poverty.

In July 2013, the Child Poverty Action Group (CPAG) published estimates of the costs generated by child poverty rates in every local authority in the UK. The estimates work out the total amount of money that is ‘lost’ in local authorities due to child poverty – reflecting the extra costs to social services, cost to housing services and health care, as well as lost earnings and reduced tax receipts. The estimates show that the annual cost of child poverty in Warwickshire is approximately £134 million.

Keep an eye out for a more detailed look at Child Poverty statistics in our 2013/14 Quality of Life report, due to be released at the beginning of November!

Release of latest child health profiles from ChiMat

Last month the Child and Maternal Health Observatory (ChiMat) released an annual update of their child health profiles. The profiles, which are available at Warwickshire County level, provide a snapshot of child health and wellbeing and can be used as an evidence base in order to make improvements to child health services, by indicating any child health inequalities across the County. The profiles can be accessed here.

The Warwickshire Child Health Profile contains a useful spine chart summary which highlights areas in which Warwickshire is performing significantly better/worse than the England average. Warwickshire is performing significantly worse than the England average for indicators on breastfeeding and smoking in pregnancy. The percentage of women smoking at the time of delivery has risen from 16.7% in 2012 to 19.6% in 2013. More key findings for Warwickshire are summarised below.

Within Warwickshire:

  • The health and wellbeing of children in Warwickshire is generally better than the England average.
  • The percentage of children under 20 years of age has fallen slightly since last years figures, and there has been a small increase in the percentage of school children from black or minority ethnic groups.
  • Child poverty figures have fallen by 0.4 percentage points since 2012.
  • Warwickshire has consistently performed significantly better than the England average for indicators on child obesity. Despite this, the percentage of school children participating in 3 hours of sport/PE each week is significantly worse than the England average.

The full Warwickshire child health profile is available for download from the following link: Warwickshire Child Health Profile 2013

Child health

Which parts of the country have the worst child poverty?

Poverty UKThe Campaign to End Child Poverty published estimated figures last week looking at the proportion of children living in poverty in 2012 by Parliamentary Constituency (which are projections using data from 2010).

In Warwickshire, there are six Parliamentary Constituencies each with the proportion of children living in poverty in 2012 listed below:

  • North Warwickshire   13%
  • Nuneaton  17%
  • Rugby  11%
  • Kenilworth and Southam 5%
  • Warwick and Leamington  11%
  • Stratford-om-Avon   7%

The data also shows child poverty rates at local authority and ward level, building a detailed picture of child poverty and how it can differ by area. The latest estimates show considerable variation across the country and this applies to Warwickshire’s parliamentary constituencies where proportions range from 5% in Kenilworth and Southam to 17% in Nuneaton.

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Quality of Life in Warwickshire 2012/13 Annual Report Published…..

Today Warwickshire Observatory publishes the annual Quality of Life report which provides a detailed look at the people, places and communities in our county. The report is an assessment of the demographic, social, economic and environmental themes that all play a part in influencing our residents’ quality of life.  Some of the issues are easier to influence than others, but the purpose of the report is to provide decision makers with the analysis they need to make more informed choices, and to give all staff in the council a better understanding of the communities that we serve in Warwickshire.

We are always looking at ways to improve the Quality of Life Report and the main innovation this year has been to provide a tool to view and analyse many of the datasets included in the report at a very local level. Throughout the report, you will see the ‘Interactive Map’ icon,  which allows you to examine local data on particular themes through our Instant Atlas tool. This feature also allows downloading of the raw data for each indicator so that you can carry out your own analysis, should you wish to.

This year we have seen some interesting changes, for example where trends may now have reached a turning point and are starting to shift, and where there is little evidence to suggest that inequalities are shrinking.

To find out more please click on the link below to be taken to the report.

2012-13 Quality of Life Report

Any feedback you have can be made through the comments section of our Blog or via Twitter (@WarksObs).