Is your health worse depending on what job you do? Health Inequalities in Warwickshire, 2011 Census

Health Inequalities InfographicHealth outcomes have been shown to vary markedly between people depending on their socio-economic position based on occupation. Socio-economic position is a good indicator of the general living conditions, access to goods and services, career development prospects, educational attainment, salary range, disposable income, wealth, assets and social standing: Such factors are important drivers of well-being and health.

The infographic presented here looks at  rates of ‘Not Good’ health between groups of people based on their socio-economic class from the 2011 Census. People with different occupations and socio-economic statuses report different levels of health. These differences can be described as the health gap or inequality and can be compared between classes in the same geographical location, between areas and between men and women.

An examination of the rates of ‘Not Good’ health from the 2011 Census show there was a pattern of deteriorating health with increasing disadvantage associated with the socio-economic position of the occupation.

Routine workers in Class 7 had the highest rates of ‘Not Good’ health nationally, regionally and at local authority level for both men and women. Conversely, the most advantaged higher managerial and professional class (Class 1) had the lowest rates of ‘Not Good’ health. Continue reading

Achieving Social Inclusion Across Warwick District

Achieving Social Inclusion across Warwick District

Earlier this year,  a steering group convened by Warwick District Council commissioned the Observatory to produce an index to assess the scale and distribution of social exclusion in Warwick District. This evidence base will support the District and other partner agencies in reviewing their approach to improving social inclusion.

With the need to understand the geographical spread of social exclusion issues, our analysis focuses on spatial data.  However, there was also a recognised need to understand where specific themes may require more attention than others; therefore, the analysis is based upon producing a model that describes social exclusion at a local level whilst also identifying overarching themes that require district-wide attention.

The 53 indicators used in the index were grouped into the following 7 themes:

  • Isolation
  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Children and Young People
  • Income and Labour Market
  • Housing and Homes
  • Crime and Community Safety
  • Communities of Interest

The map and table below show the top ten areas that are most socially excluded across Warwick District according to this bespoke index.

Index of Social ExclusionLillington East in Crown ward is the most socially excluded area on the index. It is the worst performing area for two of the seven themes (Income and Labour Market and Children and Young People) and features in the top ten for five of the seven indicators. This area exhibits a wide range of exclusion related issues rather than a handful of problems which exist elsewhere.

Map of social exclusionOne of the benefits of producing the index at a very local level is areas are identified that may have been previously masked when looking at data at a higher level.  This is the case for the two Sydenham areas (ranked 3rd and 4th on the index) which sit within Willes ward. Sydenham North is the worst performing area in the District for two themes (Health & Wellbeing and Communities of Interest) and both areas have a diverse population in terms of the proportion of residents born abroad and ethnicity.

Half of the areas in the top 10 are in Brunswick ward. Stoneleigh is the first rural area to feature on the index as the 8th most socially excluded area in the District.

For more of the key messages and to access the report, please click on the link below:

Warwick District Social Exclusion Index Report

Warwick District Social Exclusion Index Appendices

The steering group have created a short project feedback survey for the Social Inclusion Index work.  Please could you spare a few minutes to let us have your feedback on the work and how you plan to use it by clicking on the link below:

Warwick-Social-Exclusion-Banner

Crime, Recovery and Treatment

It has been suggested that drug users are more likely than non-users to commit criminal offences.

Research studies have found that acquisitive crime such as stealing is commonly linked to offenders of these crime types testing positive for drug use. Treatment for drug using offenders has been measured using a Value For Money (VFM) tool, which demonstrates that crime falls and health improves when people are in drug treatment.

A report has been produced, focusing on drug related criminal activities across Warwickshire for 2012/13. A link to this report can be found below.

Crime, Recovery & Treatment in Warwickshire 2012-13

“Living in Warwickshire” survey: First results now available…

Health and Wellbeing Board

Warwickshire’s Health and Wellbeing Board agreed to sponsor a large scale survey of local people which focussed on issues around ‘Living in Warwickshire’, including health and lifestyle issues.

25,000 surveys were sent out and 7,617 completed surveys were returned, which was over 50% higher than our target response rate.

Warwickshire mapSome of the key headline results are as follows:

  • 6% of respondents self-reported that their general health was either poor or very poor.  This is in line with figures from the 2011 Census.  However, only 28% of stated that their health was very good, in contrast to the equivalent figure of 47% from the Census results.
  • Nearly half of people have an alcoholic drink once a week or more, whilst just over 15% are abstainers. Just over one in ten respondents would like to cut down on their current level of drinking.
  • Nearly half of all respondents were either fairly or…

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Substance Misuse among Young People in Warwickshire

Front coverA report published by Public Health England was written, focusing on substance misuse among young people in England for 2012/13.  Following a similar structure, a Warwickshire based report has been produced highlighting the key messages around young people who accessed specialist treatment as a result of substance misuse in 2012/13.

Analysis was carried out using data from Compass, Warwickshire. Compass is a national leading provider, delivering services to young people in order to help tackle problem drug and alcohol use. The report includes figures for drug choices among young people in Warwickshire, most popular age, treatment services, referral sources and risky behaviours. A link to this report can be found below:

Substance Misuse among Young People in Warwickshire 2012/13

Warwickshire Ranks 6th in the Top 10 Places to live in the UK in a new Quality of Life Index from USwitch

USwitch have released a new Quality of Life Index which has rev10-Best-places-to-live-in-the-UK1ealed that Warwickshire ranks 6th in the Top 10 best places to live in the UK.

The study assessed 138 local areas for 24 different factors including salaries, disposable household income and the cost of essential goods, such as fuel, food and energy bills. Lifestyle factors such as working hours, life expectancy and hours of sunshine, were also included to provide a complete picture of the quality of life in each region.

While Solihull comes out on top, the bottom of the index is dominated by Scottish regions with East and North Ayrshire ranked as the worst place to live in the UK, with low income, poor exam results and low life expectancy.

The analysis has sparked some interesting comments on USwitch’s website. See below for the full article:

Quality of Life Index

How happy/satisfied/anxious are we in Warwickshire?

There is an increasing interest in trying to understand trends in well-being and, particularly in the current climate, assessing non-financial measures of happiness.

A national survey undertaken by the Office for National Statistics includes responses from around 165,000 aged 16 and over and resident in households in the United Kingdom and just under 700 households in Warwickshire.  Four questions were asked:

1. Overall, how satisfied are you with your life nowadays?
2. Overall, to what extent do you feel the things you do in your life are worthwhile?
3. Overall, how happy did you feel yesterday?
4. Overall, how anxious did you feel yesterday?

In last year’s Quality of Life report, we reported that Warwickshire scored below the national average on these well-being indicators.  Despite the county performing consistently above national averages on many social and economic measures, the results of last year’s national well-being survey suggested that Warwickshire’s residents were notably less happy and satisfied than most other parts of the country.

However, the 2012/13 data suggest this is no longer the case as the county performs above the national average for most aspects of well-being (see below).

Picture1

Looking at these figures in slightly more detail, we see that 81% of Warwickshire’s residents rated their ‘life satisfaction’ as at least seven out of ten.  Across the UK as a whole, 77% rated their life satisfaction as at least seven out of ten.

Similarly, 75% of Warwickshire residents rated themselves as seven out of ten or more on the question ‘overall, how happy did you feel yesterday?’  Nationally, the comparative figure was 72%.

Warwickshire is considerably less anxious than the national average according to the 2012/13 results. One in five (20%) Warwickshire residents rated themselves as at least seven out of ten in terms of anxiety.  However, the UK figure is nearly twice that at 39%.

This year, the survey results have been released at a district/borough level (although it is worth bearing in mind that the confidence intervals at this level are much higher and therefore the figures should be treated with some degree of caution). At a district level, residents in Stratford-on-Avon District are reported to be the ‘happiest’ in the county while residents in Nuneaton and Bedworth are the most satisfied with their life. The full results of the survey for Warwickshire’s districts and boroughs are shown in the chart below:

Picture1

ONS have found the biggest drivers of life satisfaction are people’s employment status, their health, and their relationships (in terms of their marital status). Insofar as ONS have been able to explain differences between local authority areas in the life satisfaction levels of their residents, they find differences between areas reflect the circumstances of the people who live there and whether the area is urban or rural; living in a rural area has a positive association with people’s satisfaction.

There will, of course, be considerable variation in well-being within local authorities, at the neighbourhood level. Look out for the release of the latest Quality of Life report which looks at local modelled data released by DCLG in more detail for Warwickshire.

For more information on the well-being data from the Annual Population Survey, see the ONS website.